Harriet Smalley

Bones in the Belfry home page

Harriet is an intriguing character who warrants a page of her own, even though she is not a direct ancestor of ours

Parents : James Smalley and  Martha Goode  (see their page for info about her family)
 
Harriet came to Australia on the Ship Constance, sailing from Plymouth on the 15 July 1851 and arrived Hobson's Bay 27 October 1851.
The shipping list shows:
Smalley, James  Age 46  Farm Labourer  Newton  P. Methodist, could neither read nor write.
Martha (wife)  Age 39   Native place Wisbeach   could read
Harriet        Age 4
Infant born on board  (Thomas Henry)

James McCartney has a separate page. Link to it

Children

Robert William Smalley (7/4/1864-1920). B/C 12996. Also called Robert Morton. Born in Ballarat West.
No father listed on birth certificate, but it is believed to be Robert Morton (1830-1866).
Robert married Susan Treuenach. He was a commercial traveller, currier and photographer. Died in Ballarat
Martha
McCartney b 1868 Clunes
Euphemia McCartney. b 1870. Died as Euphemia Greenbank, aged 76 in Ballarat (r/n 22240)
Charles McArtney (1874-17/8/1947) Died in Adelaide, aged 73. Also known as Charles Smalley
William John Maxwell
b 1884 in SA
Janet May Maxwell b 1889 in SA



Family oral history has it that Harriet had a descendant Charlie McCartney, the famous Australian cricketer. He would just about need to be a grandson, as he was part of the 1921 side that toured England. Beryl Cox, a descendant of Harriet, emailed as follows

Harriet Smalley (b. 1847) was my G.G.grandmother, and boy has she caused me some head aches over the years. 
She gave birth to my G.grandfather Robert William Smalley on 7.4.1864 in Ballarat with no father mentioned. 
Robert married in Ballarat as Robert Morton on 26.8.1886 to Susan Ann Trewenack and named his father as being a Robert Morton.   I have never been able to find out anything else about this Robert Morton.
Harriet married James McCartney in 1867.
Martha McCartney b.1868, Ballarat.
Euphemia McCartney b. 1870, Clunes.
Charles McCartney and Charles Smalley b.1874 Ballarat, with no father named again.
It seems to me that the 2 Charles are one and the same both born 1874, Charles McCartney cert no. 6854 and Charles Smalley 6854R. seems rather odd.

A note June 2001 from Kathy Smalley
As an aside I believe I have tracked down Charles Smalley McCartney to SA. http://family.incoll.org/getperson.php?personID=I2805&tree=LMIncell

Another email in from Roslyn Livingston-Schubert, who writes

I also investigated NSW BDM records to see what turns up about the famous cricketeer, Charlie Macartney.
It seems he was not a descendant of Harriet, unless Charles Smalley MCartney had a brother called Joseph who is unknown and who married extremely young, and who was not born in Victoria or NSW.  If the family left Vic after Charles' birth it is possible another baby was born after 1874 in another state. However if another baby was born in, for eg, 1875 it would be far too young to marry in 1882.
I am a descendant and researcher of the McArtney (McCartney) family who came to Ballarat from Fife in 1852. James McCartney, the oldest son of William and Euphemia McCartney, married Harriet Smalley in 1867.
They had 2 girls, Martha b 1868 in Ballarat and Euphemia b 1870 in Clunes, where James was a miner. In 1874 Charles Smalley McCartney was born.
I have no further information about James' further activities, including his death. Harriet disappeared as did Martha. Euphemia married Willliam Greenbank in 1895 in Ballarat where she died in 1946 after producing the following children: James, Rose, Mary and William.
Roslyn  points to an interesting Wikipedia article on Charlie Macartney, worth a read in its own right. She also offers new hope in the quest for a famous sporting ancestor.
Interestingly, some of the AFL McCartney footballers and trainers are definitely descended from siblings of James McCartney; I don't follow the sport so can never remember who and for which team. However, I think the (previous) trainer for Geelong is one of them

Harriet had been dormant for a year, when a series of emails came in from two separate sources in a week

(1) Danielle Waller, a descendant of Harriet

    I believe after Harriett was married to James McArtney, she was then married? to my Great Great Great ....Grandfather John Maxwell. They had two more children William John Franklin Maxwell (born 1884, Port Adelaide) and Janet May Maxwell (b 1889 Port Adelaide). John and Harriett were tragically drowned on 10 Feb 1894 in Albany. The orphaned children went to Adelaide to be raised by Martha McArtney (Half sister who was 26 at the time) They lived with Martha until they each married.
   
The local people of Albany held a Concert 28 Feb 1894 to raise funds for the orphaned Maxwell children, which was given to Martha with which she purchased a cottage for them all to live in.

Please refer to the attached newspaper clipping from The Advertiser (Adelaide), Monday 10 February 1902, page 4

MAXWELL.-In loving remembrance of John and Harriet Maxwell, accidentally drowned at Albanv West Australia, February 10, 1894. Not forgotten!
-Inserted by her loving son, Charles McArtney,Port Adelaide.
William John Franklin Maxwell married Hannah Ruth Hales (children Leslie Robert, & ?? still updating this info) and died 7 Sept 1960, both are buriedin the Port Pirie Cemetery, South Australia. Janet May married George Frederick 16 May 1912, Port Adelaide, and had 4 children George, Walter, Evaand Vern, died 1974, Tailem Bend South Australia.

The email from Roslyn (below) was wonderful to read! However I have conflicting information on two counts.
(a) We have found a Death Certificate for James McCartney in Port Adelaide. A James McCartney died at the Paris Hotel, Portland Wharf, Port Adelaide on 2Aug 1888, with chronic bronchitis and morbus cordis listed as cause ofdeath, aged 55.Though the other concept is interesting considering if James and Harriet fell out, why would he follow her to Port Adelaide? We thought he might bethere for his children??
(b) The other conflict was Martha. Roslyn had Martha living on the Hulk with Harriet and John, however the death notice in the paper (NLA newspapers) states children listed as Charles and Martha McArtney of Port Adelaide. Being 26? It's possible Martha lived in Port Adelaide and never went to Albany? But if Roslyn has more information I'd love to know :)
Needs more research? The hunt never ends....

William John and Janet May being orphaned young was problematic for tracing family history for us, all we knew was he was a carpenter and drowned with his wife in Albany WA. John Maxwell has always been a very elusive mystery to our family, no one knew where he came from? Who his parents were? Siblings? But with the information Roslyn found of the SS Emu, I have located the seamen list for this ship and it clearly states John Maxwell,Carpenter was from Glasgow! I have now found his family in the 1861 Scotland census. We are very very excited.

(2)  Roslyn Livingston-Schubert

Quoting from her email
Recently, Kerry Burton, another McArtney researcher,  worked with me on Harriet Smalley. Below is what we have found out or surmised.
 
In 1864 Harriet had Robert William Smalley, who seems to have later been known as Robert Morton, according to Beryl Cox, a descendant. 
 
James McArtney, b 1841, and Harriet married in 1867.
Martha was born in 1868
Euphemia was born in 1860
 
Charles McArtney or Charles Smalley was born in 1874. NB the spelling McArtney and McCartney have been interchanged over the years.
 
After the birth of Charles McCartney in 1874 Harriet and James McArtney disappeared. I speculated that they might have gone to New Zealand to hunt for gold, or the West Oz, or anywhere, in fact.
 
What seems to have happened after Euphemia's birth is this:
 
Harriet and James separated before the birth of Charles in 1874. Charles' father was known only to Harriet. She registered the baby's birth as both Smalley and McArtney and in both cases said that the father was "Unknown".
 
When the couple separated, baby Euphemia was given to her grandmother and namesake, Euphemia McCartney, who lived near Cardigan, to be raised and James disappeared in a cloud of dust.  I have no proof of this, but when Harriet's daughter Euphemia married in 1895, she gave her address as Cardigan.  By this stage Harriet had been out of Victoria for around 20 years and James had also been out of Victoria for many years. Her witness was her cousin, Euphemia Biddle. Family lore also has it that Euphemia lived with her grandmother. 
 
Also, both Harriet and James left Ballarat for interstate.
 
In 1879 Harriet, named Harriet McArtney, with age given as 31, turns up working as a stewardess aboard a ship, the "Emu", working out of Adelaide.   Also on the ship is John Maxwell, aged 28, a carpenter.  These two married, however I have found no records anywhere of a marriage (or of a divorce or annullment to James McCartney). 
 
The Maxwell couple had 2 children, William John MAXWELL b 1884 in SA and Janet May MAXWELL b 1889 in SA   (information supplied by Kathy Smalley).
 
The family next turn up in Albany, where a tragic accident is reported. John, Harriet, the two young children and Martha live on a hulk, the Herschel, owned by The Adelaide Steamship Company, which is one of a number of hulks anchored near Albany. They were there to allow steamships to quickly refuel and so shorten the Europe-Australia passage.
 
In 1894, returning from a visit in Albany, Harriet and John both drowned when a freak gust of wind overturned their little sailing boat just as they were about to tie up to the Herschel. The children saw the accident happen and watched, horrified and helpless, as their mother screamed for help and drowned. The children's screams alerted residents in other hulks who organised a search party. After some days John's body was recovered, but Harriet's was never found. Her death registration cannot be found and this is probably why; no body was found. (NLA newspapers)
 
The town of Albany organised fund-raising for the "Maxwell  orphans" and enough money was raised to buy a cottage for the children in Adelaide. (NLA newspaper site)
 
Charles had remained in Adelaide. He married an Elizabeth Ward in Nov, 1894 and they had  4 children: Frederick, Ivy, Leslie and Kathleen. He lived in Paddington and Port Adelaide and worked as a sawyer. ( Incholl family site, SAGS, and census)
 
Martha ran a little store in James St, Port Adelaide (census). In 1913, aged 45, she married Robert Amber, aged 39, a carter of Port Adelaide. She had no children.
 
What happened to James McArtney?
 
James spent time travelling between Charters Towers and Sydney. He registered  the birth of his son, Reginald McArtney in 1881 in NSW. The mother was Susanna Edwards, who he married in 1891, claiming he was a widower. 
He never acknowledged Martha McCartney or Charles as his children. He acknowledged only Euphemia and Reginald.
James died in Charters Towers.

Another email from Roslyn - 29 Sep 2010 adds to the picture of Harriet's children

According to newspaper reports Martha was on the hulk with the smaller children when Harriet and John died. Previous to this she must have been in Adeladie as that is where Harriet joined the Emu. I do not know where she and Charles lived in Adelaide, who with or what from. It is very probably that she would have given her address or home base as Adelaide, as this is where she had lived most of her life and this is where her brother, Charles, lived. I can only surmise that when Harriet arrived in Adelaide she stayed with relatives, or somehow had a friend who was the woman from whose house Martha was married. martha was 10 and Cahrles was 5 when Harriet began to work on the EMU so they must have had somewhere to stay. Charles married when he was about 20 in Port Adelaide and lived near her the rest of his life and Martha later lived in Port Adelaide, so probably it was somewhere in the vicinity.

Notes from Claire and Christine's Researches

Clare and Christine have put together a life story for Harriet based on the above researches. Comment or feedback is welcome. Enjoy

    Harriet has an amazing story. In 1864 Harriet had Robert William Smalley, who seems to have later been known as Robert Morton, according to Beryl Cox, a descendant. James McArtney, b 1841, and Harriet married in 1867. Then had Martha (born in 1868) and Euphemia (born in 1860)

    Charles McArtney or Charles Smalley was born in 1874. NB the spelling McArtney and McCartney have been interchanged over the years.

    After the birth of Charles McCartney in 1874 Harriet and James McArtney disappeared. I speculated that they might have gone to New Zealand to hunt for gold, or the West Oz, or anywhere, in fact. What seems to have happened after Euphemia's birth is this:

    Harriet and James separated before the birth of Charles in 1874. Charles' father was known only to Harriet. She registered the baby's birth as both Smalley and McArtney and in both cases said that the father was "Unknown". When the couple separated, baby Euphemia was given to her grandmother and namesake, Euphemia McCartney, who lived near Cardigan, to be raised and James disappeared in a cloud of dust. I have no proof of this, but when Harriet's daughter Euphemia married in 1895, she gave her address as Cardigan. By this stage Harriet had been out of Victoria for around 20 years and James had also been out of Victoria for many years. Her witness was her cousin, Euphemia Biddle. Family lore also has it that Euphemia lived with her grandmother. Also, both Harriet and James left Ballarat for interstate.
   
    In 1879 Harriet, named Harriet McArtney, with age given as 31, turns up working as a stewardess aboard a ship, the "Emu", working out of Adelaide. Also on the ship is John Maxwell, aged 28, a carpenter. These two married, however I have found no records anywhere of marriage (or of a divorce or annullment to James McCartney). The Maxwell couple had 2 children, William John MAXWELL b 1884 in SA and Janet May MAXWELL b 1889 in SA (information supplied by Kathy Smalley). The family next turn up in Albany, where a tragic accident is reported. John, Harriet, the two young children and Martha live on a hulk, the Herschel, owned by The Adelaide Steamship Company, which is one of a number of hulks anchored near Albany. They were there to allow steamships to quickly refuel and so shorten the Europe-Australia passage.
    In 1894, returning from a visit in Albany, Harriet and John both drowned when a freak gust of wind overturned their little sailing boat just as they were about to tie up to the Herschel. The children saw the accident happen and watched, horrified and helpless, as their mother screamed for help and drowned. The children's screams alerted residents in other hulks who organised a search party. After some days John's body was recovered, but Harriet's was never found. Her death registration cannot be found and this is probably why; no body was found. (NLA newspapers)
    The town of Albany organised fund-raising for the "Maxwell Orphans" and enough money was raised to buy a cottage for the child Adelaide. (NLA newspaper site)

    Charles had remained in Adelaide. He married an Elizabeth Ward in Nov, 1894 and they had 4 children: Frederick, Ivy, Leslie and Kathleen. He lived in Paddington and Port Adelaide and worked as a sawyer. ( Incholl family site, SAGS, and census)
   
    Martha ran a little store in James St, Port Adelaide (census). In 1913, aged 45, she married Robert Amber, aged 39, a carter of Port Adelaide. She had no children.
   
    James McCartney spent time travelling between Charters Towers and Sydney. He registered the birth of his son, Reginald McArtney in 1881 in NSW. The mother was Susanna Edwards, who he married in 1891, claiming he was a widower. He never acknowledged Martha McCartney or Charles as his children. He acknowledged only Euphemia and Reginald. James died in Charters Towers.

Acknowledgements

Kathy Smalley, Beryl Cox, Danielle Waller, Roslyn Livingston-Schubert and Kerry Burton have given us Harriet
Thanks to Claire and Christine for their painstaking work reflected above

Research Notes

Documents
1864 Birth Robert Smalley
1867 Marriage James McCartney Harriet Smalley

A last word on Harriet from Roslyn

I think she is fascinating. Was she liberated ?  Was she a strumpet? She certainly struggled to keep and feed her family; imagine leaving 4 year old Charles in the care of his 6 year older sister, Martha, while she went and worked on a ship. Perhaps Martha and Charles had somewhere to stay with relatives.. Or, perhaps she ran away from them ... one day we might be able to find out.
Did any of her siblings have such an adventurous life ? Did any of them go to Adelaide ?

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