William Smalley and Lydia Thurston
William Smalley (b 1748, m Lydia Thurston 1796 Newton, d 1821 Newton
in the Isle, Cambridgeshire)
Lydia Thurston (b 1774, d 1835)
Lydia Smalley (b 1797, m 1817 Thomas
Shaw, d 1835 Cambridgeshire)
William Smalley (b 1799, d 1806)
Mary Smalley (b 1801, d 1819)
(b 1805 Newton, Cambridgeshire, m Martha
Goode 1832 Newton, d 1877 Brunswick, Vic)
Thomas Henry Smalley (b 1851 At sea SS
Constance, m Emily Marshall 1876
West Melb, Vic, d 1839 Ballarat Vic)
Oscar Smalley (b1878 Brunswick, Vic, m Annie Tippett 1908 North Fitzror,
Vic, d 1960 Preston Vic)
Joseph Smalley (b 1809, m Jane Smith
1834, d 1884 Leicester)
Sarah Smalley (b 1811, m John
Barton 1829, d 1837)
Robert Smalley (b 1813, d 1837)
A note from M Smalley provided some interesting information on this
actually died back in England in 1837 (buried
31/05/1837) around the same time a lot of other Smalleys.
I've always wanted to know what it was that killed them.
The other deaths were as follows:
Her two children
Elizabeth (buried 5/07/1837) and Margaret (buried 31/05/1837)
Robert (buried 12/05/1837)
Lydia's child William Smalley Shaw (buried 31/05/1837).
Lydia had died in 1835.
Joseph's children William (buried 2/06/1837) and
Francis (buried 12/05/1837). Jospeh's wife Jane died a year
later leaving him without a family. He married the farm
servant and started a new family.
I wonder if the
dead are somehow linked to each other or if it was representative
of deaths in the community that year. I read somewhere that
a particularly bad flu went through the UK around that time.
In 1990 we corresponded with
Margaret Ross, whose husband was a descendant of Sarah
Barton (b 1830). Sarah was a daughter of Sarah Smalley and John
Sarah Barton married Robert Anderson at
Leverington 30 Nov 1852, and came to Australia on the Ida
12 July 1853. Sarah Barton was the daughter of Sarah Smalley and
I note in the 1841 Census, Joseph Smalley has a wife Sarah, both
aged 25, no children, which fits with all of this
William and Lydia's farm was Black Dyke Farm, Newton (Barbara
Owens). For more recent photos link
M Smalley provided the location of Black Dyke Farm. Quoting from his
"I notice you're still looking for
Black Dyke Farm. Your best bet is to download Google Earth
then click on the attached placemark. Google Earth has great
quality images of the area, the location is just a paddock now so
there is no building sadly.
In the meantime you can go to
Google Maps (satellite quality only) at
For your info, the
approximate GPS location of the location is 52.697692,
0.104972. I think that's decimal rather than degrees.
I found the location by going to
and typing in Newton though
technically the farm is closer to Fitton End".
Newton is close to Wisbech ("Capital of the Fens"), 10 miles south
of The Wash . Just east of Wisbech is labelled marshland on the map.
So Black Dyke is presumably to keep the water at bay.
Notes on Joseph (ex Lawrence Cattermole)
I have a copy of the wedding certificate for his
second marriage in Leverington Parish Church to Sarah Pottinger on
20 Jun 1839, showing him as a widower and both of them resident in
Mays' Lane at the time of marriage. He signed with his mark.
As for censuses, you speculate that Jos
Smalley of Leverington in 1841 may be James' brother Joseph and I
agree. Clearly being about10 years older than his second wife
required some masking. The marriage certificate simply
describes both as 'of full age'. The 1851 census shows him as a
farmer of 70 acres in Leverington, age 37, born in Newton with 6
children. He is still there aged 48 in 1861 and aged 62 in 1871. By
1881, aged 72, he and Sarah have moved to 89 Havelock Street,
Leicester. He died in Leicester, aged 74, in Q1 1884. This age
is a much better fit with the1809 birth date than the age of 25
shown in 1841. His wife died, aged 73 at the end of 1892.
Notes from Claire and
1747 to John and Alice Smalley. n/a
William and Lydia owned a
farm, called Black Dyke Farm, in Newton. A road now exists in
that area, called Black Dyke road (runs of Fen Road.
Properties stand in the area, but it is not clear if they are
original buildings. The land is very flat, mostly agricultural
On his marriage
certificate, William makes his mark with a x, while Lydia
writes her name. In 1780, William and Lydia are living in
Her father acted as the Bailee for
Thomas Shaw (son-in-law) and signed Allegation Bond in the sum
of £200. It appears that Lydia's father was a mayor, in the
police or a legal representation.
Sarah are farmers with their young children. Also living at the
house is Eliza Knowles, aged 16, who is a~ living in Leverington.
1861- Joseph is a farmer of 40 acres in Wisbech, Leverington.
Sarah (42), John (19), James (16), Josiah (9), Sarah Jane (12) and
Eliza (11) are all living there.
1871- Joseph and Sarah are living in St. Augustine, Leverington.
In addition to Joseph, Sarah (50) , James (26), Josiah (19) and
Eliza (21) there is two others living there Diane Linnell (27) and
Arthur S Linnell (2). Ages would suggest that it is Diana SmaII
married or possibly widowed with a young son.
1881- Joseph (aged 72) had moved to 89 Havelock Street Leicester
(St. Mary's parish). Sarah is living as well (62). Joseph is
listed as the purveyor of milk (seller of milk). Also living there
is Sarah Jane (32), Harry Smalley (7) and Charles Dawkes (27).
Lots of good information was received from Roy Smalley, Bruce
Tippett, Lawrence Cattermole, Bette Joseph, Barbara Owens asnd
Thanks to M Smalley for Black Dyke Farm
Thanks to Claire and
Christine for their painstaking work reflected above
Genes Reunited checked for William and Lydia
Family search has a small ancestral
file that roughly corresponds to this webpage. Submitter is Marie
LDS FHO checked. No OPC
M Smalley supplied some good information about his sources.
the best sources has been the Cambridgeshire Family History
Society Database online http://www.cfhs.org.uk/Search.html
(link no longer works)
I've bought a fair amount of
microfiche from them (parish records) to confirm the results
and get further information. Fortunately for Sarah's
death I recorded my source in my software - it was one of the
microfiche: "Newton-in-the Isle Parish Registers 1600-1852
CAM-PR114". I didn't note if it was under Barton or
Smalley but I'm 99% sure it was under Barton from memory.
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updated - 27 Jan 2007, 27
Sep 2010 25 Feb 2014 30 Aug 2015