William Burton Mitchell and Margaret Hawton

Bones in the Belfry home page

Parents   :    Thomas Mitchell     Margaret (Peggy) Burton                     Francis (Frank) Hawton and Jane Dingle

William Burton Mitchell (b 1825 Tregorrick St Austel Cornwall , m Margaret Hawton 1846 Stoke Climsland Cornwall, d 1913 Ascot Vale, Vic)
Margaret Hawton (b 1828 Stoke Climsland, 1922 Essendon Vic)
        Jane Hawton Mitchell (b 1847 Stoke Climsland, d 1862 Osborns Flat Vic)
        William Mitchell  (b 1850 Stoke Climsland Cornwall, m Ellen Adelaide Cubit 1880 Sandridge Melb, d 1889 Bethanga, Vic )
               Ernest Harold Mitchell (b 1887 Whiteford, m  Liela Muriel Roach 1914 Kew, d 1960 Wodonga)
        Selina Mitchell (b abt 1852 Stoke Climsland, m Matthais Oats 1877, d 1940)
        Braddon (Brad) Mitchell (b 1854 Stoke Climsland, m  Annie Parnaby 1896, d 1918 Sunbury Vic)
        Margaret Ann (Dinah) Mitchell (b 1858, m Arthur Welshman, d 1944 in Victoria)
        Fred Mitchell (b 1863 Osbornes Flat, m Lottie Barnes, d 1944 in Victoria)
        Clara Jane (Minnie) Mitchell (b 1865 Osbornes Flat, m Jack Flenjte, 1954 Essendon)

Link for photos of Fred and Lottie, Fred and Minnie

Two of Brad's sons died in WWI. Link to service records  Hawton        Fred


1825     William Mitchell born Tregorrick St Austel Cornwall
1828     Margaret Hawton born Stoke Climsland Cornwall
1846?   William and Margaret marry in Tregorrick (?)
1850     William Mitchell and brother James arrived in Victoria on the Samuel Boddington (22 Apr)  We have not yet found their return to England
1851     James in in England for the census in April, living with his parents
1851     James marries  in Stoke Climsland, aged 22, on
24 Jul
1851     Aug  is about the latest date for Selina's conception, if her age of 9 in the 1861 census is correct, ie Wliiiam was in Stoke Climsland by mid 1851
                         So James and probably William had left Australia for England by January 1851

    William Mitchell arrived on the Morning Light.
1861     James is a draper and grocer in Stoke Climsland in the census
1861     Prince of Wales arrived December with rest of family. James stayed in England and prospered. One would like to have sat in on the discussions as they weighed up the merits of moving families to the other side of the world.
1863     William is listed as a butcher when Fred baptised Yackandandah,
1868     William is in the Victorian Directory as a farmer at Osbornes Flat
1913     William dies in Melbourne
1928     Margaret dies in Melbourne
    Chronology Update based on input from Hawton Clarnette and Fred Mitchell

Where does this leave us?
    Alma Dillon says that William and James came to Australia in the early 1850s, found gold at Ballarat, then returned to England. This tallies with the chronology above, except for a timing discrepancy, understandable 120 years later. But gold was not officially discovered in Australia till 1851. However gold was being found earlier than that. See the website ~ Gold ~ . (Go to Early Gold Discoveries) The Early Discoveries section starts with the quote
"Put it away Mr Clarke, or we shall all have our throats cut". - Sir George Phillips, 1844 after Reverend WB Clarke presented his gold discovery.
    So perhaps they did find gold as Alma says, kept it very quiet, and headed back immediately to England.  They were able to set up nicely in business, William as a butcher, James as a grocer.
But all this raises further questions

    (1) What prompted them to make the journey to Australia? Particularly William who was married with two young children.
    (2)  How come they were so lucky as to find substantial gold so quickly (if they did)?
    (3) What prompted William to uproot his family ten years later and come back to Australia?

Update after responses from Di Gibbs, Stoke Climsland OPC
(1) William Mitchell was baptised 14 Oct 1849. As his father arrives in Melbourne 22 April  1850, he could not have stayed long with his new (2nd) child.
(2) On the baptisms of Jane, William and Brad, the parents abode is referred to as  Village, Tailors Shop, and Stoke. In each case William's profession is given as miner. This is news, as on the ship out he said "agricultural labourer". But it does  add some credibility to the theory they found gold. (Di Gibbs : Thes bapts were Church of England)
    Di comments that the missing baptisms could be accounted for by  William B's family being non-conformist. Certainly William's son was a staunch Methodist later in Australia. There was a William Mitchell on the committee that was formed to build the Wesleyan church in Bethanga in 1878, but while it is likely on age grounds (53 vs 28) to have been William senior, it is hard to tell from the minutes. And Di's baptism list has Jane and William being baptised by Rector and Curate respectively, which sounds like C of E?
Di Gibbs :Occupations of emigrants often reflected the needs of the new country, ie they probably had more need of agricultural labourers than miners, at that time.
    I am intending to have another look at the parish church baptisms for MITCHELL in Stoke Climsland as I may have missed Selina. There seems to be a nice little gap for her bap between William and Braddon.

Update Post Visit to Stoke Climsland April 2008

    We had a very productive day with Caroline Vulliamy in the Stoke Climsland Archives. She found lots of material for us. We spent a couple of hours studying the Mitchells in the 1844 Tithe records and the 1841 census. They probably worked at the Winsor copper mine, one of the earliest in the area. It was  first from the road towards Kit Hill .Most of the product of that visit is on a special page - Link to it.


William Burton Mitchell was born in Tregorrick in 1825. We visited the small village in April 2008. We had the good fortune to meet Michael Flemen, who lives in what was Tregorrick Farm. Michael identified the various original buildings for us. I suspect the farm was all that there was in 1825 - the rest of the small village looked more modern. Some research on census records could clear this up. The farm has now been converted to about four very attractive homes. Tregorrick is 18 miles east of St Agnes where William's father was born, and 25 miles SW of Stoke Climsland wher The family was living in 1841.

General Comment from Les Rowley

    The first thing that strikes you on reading the pages for the two William Mitchells, is that these guys enjoyed themselves.  Travelling  widely round NE Victoria, and further, prospecting for gold and finding it and literally building prosperous farming properties. But it must have been very hard work. Brad mentions 644 tons of dirt processed from the Welcome mine in a year. And later William B took a contract to raise 100 tons quartz at the Bon Accord mine, starting July and finished in Nov 72. I suspect they did the work themselves, or Brad's bookkeeping would have recorded the cost of wages. Can do people - if you need a school or church in the community, organise a committee and build it. If you need another house - build it yourself.
    I suspect the women enjoyed the northeast less. Margaret (nee Hawton) seems to have had long term ill health. She must have missed Cornwall and her family support, particularly  in those long  periods in summer when the temperature reached 35 centigrade day after day. And Ellen must have felt much the same growing up in Tasmania, ant then living in the city from her late teens. The isolation on the farm in the Mitta valley must have been a shock. And Leila grew up in suburban Melbourne - again country life must have been a shock,
    There is a whole lot of stuff about Hillsborough on the Australian Locations page (follow the links). This includes an account of the school committee (which included William Burton Mitchell) trying unsuccessfully to remove the school teacher Emma Anderson. Arthur Welshman - William B's future son in law was an applicant for the position.
    Maybe there is enough material here to get a feel for some of the characters - William senior brought his family to the other sude of the world, not because of poverty, but because he saw opportunity. His brother James was more cautious, as I suspect I would have been. William junior who cemented the family fortunes with a serious gold find. Who wrote poetry because he was missing home on their horseback ride to Queensland. Who was meticulous in recording his desparate attempts to control his diabetes. Churchgoers and temperance advocates all.
    One interesting character is the brother Fred. We know little of him, because there are no surviving descendants. But he was the person Wlilliam turned to for executor, for what he knew would be a long and difficult job. And what do we make of Brad? The contrast in diaries with his brother's is interesting, as is Alma Dillon's strory of the falling out with his father.

William Burton Mitchell
Margaret Hawton

Notes Supplied by Fred Mitchell

    It is believed the original of this is a Daguerreotype of William Burton Mitchell taken some time in the 1850's. For a better image (500KB), click here.  
In 1850 the Samuel Boddington arrived in Melbourne with brothers William Mitchell and J. Mitchell on board. They went to the goldfields (which one is not known) and found gold. The date of this is not known nor is the date both returned to England, but the time elapsed could not be great as the Mitchell's next child was Selina (b about 1852). The family sailed on the Prince of Wales in September 1861 and arrived in December. Fred has produced a map of the ship's voyage from England. It is interesting to see how they went right acros to Africa, and how far south they went. See the map

Comments from Hawton Clarnette (Descendant of Brad)

Hawton has produced an extensive history of Brad's family - I have edited it to remove information covered elsewhere in these pages. Also information about living or recently living people has been removed . Link to edited document. The following extraxts are of more general family interest
    "Len and Ern worked Climsland for some time. Brad and family moved to Sunbury 1917, and Hannah was left with the property when he died Brad named the house Bailabbe (in Wodonga) after the  place where their two sons died in WWI (Baileau and Abbeville)
    Location of the Welcome mine. It was above the Methodist church, old location up the hill - rubbish on hill above church to the left. (Les Rowley - om mu computer - search the Bethanga photos directory for Welcome mine)
    Selina married  Matthias Oates of Stanley (which is about 10 kms. S-E of Beechworth or 8 kms west of Hillsborough) and it is most likely that they set up home at Stanley.   They had one son Desmond , who unfortunately died a few weeks before his wedding day.  Matthias took Selina to England about 1913-1914 where she was able to meet all her parents’relatives. However World War 1 broke out and they had to catch the first ship home. They settled in Beechworth on return, but Matthais died soon after. Selina then spent the winter months with her brother Brad and Annie.
    Dinah (Margaret Ann) married Art Welshman of Hurdle Flat (about 5km north of Stanley on the Beechworth road).  They had two sons Arthur and Morton, and two daughters Ilma and Miriam. Arthur, Morton and Miriam went to the first World War. Dinah and family eventually moved to Melbourne .
    Minnie, the youngest, married Jack Flentje and had two daughters Alma and Rita. I can’t find the date of their marriage, but the nearest time would be say between 1888 and 1892, i.e.24 to 28 yrs.    Alma married twice , the second time to a Mr. Dillon . She had two children , Perl and Bert. 
    Robert Hawton  lived with the family at Osborne Flat and Hillsborough until Jan. 1872 when he left and went to Hill End. Robert married on 3 May 1873 and had four children - Robert, Emma, William, and Russell. William stayed with him on trip Nth
    Samuel Hawton  lived with the family at Osborne Flat and Hillsborough and possibly also at the property owned by the family on the Mitta Mitta near Bethanga.  He did not marry."

Alma Dillon's Recollections

Alma Dillon was Clara's daughter and William Burton's grandaughter. She died about 1988. The notes of a meeting with Jenny Mitchell in 1975 are interesting reading. Extracts follow
    . In about early fifties, William (Burton) and his brother James came to Australia and went mining at Ballarat. They made money and returned to England. James then had a grocery shop and William a Butcher shop in Stokeclimsland (border of Cornwall and Devon).  After two or three years William returned to Australia alone and went to Osmonds/Butchers Flat (Yackandandah). His wife and children plus two of her brothers - Sam and Bob - followed. They sailed from Plymouth Sound on 11 September 1861
    William met them at Port Melbourne and with two drays they walked to Osmonds Flat. Selina's assessment was Grandmother drove, i.e.., we walked. (Grandmother was Margaret; Selina was talking to Alma, Margaret's grand-daughter). The house at Osmonds Flat had a dirt floor with bags on it.. William had a butcher's shop for 8 or 9 years — the mines were no longer working at Osmonds Flat. Jane died the year the family came out, aged 15. She was buried in Yackandandah Cemetery. William (son) used to tend her grave till he died. One day he found some red roses growing by it. He took cuttings which were planted at Climsland. The plant finally died a few years ago in Essendon (Home of Minnie and Jack Flentji).
    From Osmonds Flat the Mitchells moved to Hillsborough where the mines were operative. William built a house (in those days people shifted with mining booms). Bethanga had opened up between c1868 to early 1870s (Minnie was only a little girl). William built a hut in Bethanga and the men used to camp up there and work. Sometimes Margaret would stop up there and do the cooking. William (son) found a mine that they called "Welcome," which was situated at the top of the hill near the old Methodist Church. The mine was said to have more copper than gold in it. William (son) was interested in buying land and in 1879 he and Brad rode on horseback as far north as Queensland, checking out the country (see diaries). On the trip they stayed with Bob Hawton (Margaret's brother) who had gone mining at Hill End - top of New South Wales. But in 1879, after his return, William's diary revealed interest in land outside of Bethanga.
    To finance the landbuying, the mine "Welcome" was sold. William (son) got half the money and his father William and brother Brad who also had shares in it each got one quarter of the money. .... The land taken on by William (father) and Brad was called Woodlands.  This was later changed to Climsland by Brad's wife. Brad later bought William's share in the Woodlands property.
    On Selina's wedding day [1877] she was sitting on the front verandah at Hillsborough. It was pouring rain. Minnie said "You going to get ready?". "Thinking about it"' she did. The man she wanted had "married his cousin at the end of a shotgun." William (son) used to take the collection. He got really sick of threepences and he wouldn't put them in the church funds but took them home and locked them up. When Selina got married William told Art  I've got five pounds worth of threepences. You can have them to pay the minister if you want to?  So he did. William gave Minnie three pounds worth of threepences to buy herself a locket; she bought a nice pearl one.
   William and Fred met Ellen and sister Alice at the Victoria in Melbourne (This must be Ellis?, but she was 14 when Ellen married?) Fred was engaged to Alice, but she returned his ring and went to Sydney. Fred went to Eldorado outside Bright..
    Art Welshman taught at Rutherglen <1910, West Wodonga,  headmaster G??? school, Dederang 1888 teaching there when married. ie mostly primary.  Longfellow book - presented to him by school kids
    Grandfather lovely old chap
    Arsenic in mines used to kill horses and cattle
    Margaret Hawton in her old age couldn't stand music - "didn't want anybody to enjoy themselves". She said it made her head bad. A fella who had a bike came to pick up Alma's sister and he started playing the piano while he waited to take her back to his folks place. Grandma came down and said to him "go home and bang your own hurdy-gurdy and don't bang on ours."
    Selina had money and "things" all better than anyone else. She had a silver teapot which she put on the sideboard, and she said to Alma's mother "Now you can use this when you get some visitors" One day it was gone and Minnie said "Where is it?"  Selina answered "I've given it to Lottie. They have lots of visitors down there". Alma bought her Mum a silver teapot, so Selina went down to Lottie's to get hers. But they said she'd given it to them and the wouldn't give it back. (Selina was very put out).
Poor Auntie, never happy, jealous of everybody. Selina kept her stuff in an iron safe in her room. he made a lot of fuss about her will and was always going to "cross people off" - "Your not going to get anything". In 1914 Selina and Matt went on a trip to England. War broke out and coming home they were chased by the Emden. Tthey were off course and ran into a terriffic storm.
Selina always lived at Hurdle Flat (just near Stanley - other side of lake). When Des died bought house in Beechworth and lived there
Oates - mine manager +owned mine in finished. Just left +closed down before died.
1926 Selina came to Melb, married guy in Croxford, lived there 2nd Husband died
Desmond making preparations for wedding, felt crook, went to Drs + died while getting ready to examine

Fred and Lottie lived in Bright

Brad Father and Brad bought Woodlands. Parents + Brad still at Woodlands. twins born and Annie did not like living with inlaws, so Brad found claypot made bricks - straw and clay, made a kiln. built v nice brick house next door. Annie (nee Parnaby) changed name to Climsland. Brad and Grandfathewr bought some other land, old man Cole said hey Bill you know of the land in Brad's name. Big row also Annie always selling cattle.  Grandfather said "Whose?". Brad said her father gave her a cow. Grandf  - all those cattle out off one cow . (5 calves a year! Told Brad he'd been cheating him (granf) for years. Brad gave Grandfather £3,000  for his share in farm (lot of money but Brad got thousands).

33 and Jack Flentje (writing unclear) 22 both sang in church choir, + he took her home. girls after him because good looking and a singer. He was a shift boss in the Bethanga mines.
 Grandfather gave mother (Minnie) money to pay deposit on house (Ascot Vale) then he got money on fixed deposit  + she paid house off. Grandfather died there, buried in Footscray, also Grandma
1902 they built the house in Bethanga - last one in street down to Mitchell's paddock, street near mine (Alma 4 yrs)

Brad Mitchell's Diary

Hawton Clarnette kindly provided a typed version of Brad Mitchell's diary, which he has in his possession. Extracts follow

    At the start of the Diary the family were living at Hillsborough which was a small village about 10 km.south of Beechworth
1871 . 7 Jan.  William (brother) went to Eldorado (gold mine west of Beechworth) and got work on 17 Jan. came home to Hillsborough on 1 May
1872 .Robt. Hawton left for Hill End ( today a suburb in south Brisbane) on 15 Jan. 1872. He got married  3rd April 1873.
22  July    William and Sam ( Samuel Hawton) went to Running Creek to work.      Started for the rush ( gold or tin rush ) at Koetong on Sept 16, ‘72.
10 July     William Burton Mitchell took a contract to raise 100 tons quartz at the Bon Accord mine ( near Hillsborough) at 6s8d  per ton.      finished on Nov 6, 72.  154 tons. made wages.
11 Oct     William applied applied for 30 acre Tin lease at Dinna Creek, Koetong.
20 Nov     Father and I reached Koetong .
    19 August 1873 Father and I went to work at Hawke’s View , driving 10 feet at £3:5:-
    Cure for drunkards; Sulphate of Iron 5 grains; Magnesia 10grains; Peppermint 11drachms; spirit of Nutmeg 1drachm;  twice a day.
    Claim registered at Bethanga for four men on 13th March 1876 by William Mitchell. (This was on the North Gift Line. The four men were William Mitchell, his father William Burton Mitchell, his brother Braddon, and the fourth could have been either Sam Hawton  or the youngest brother Fred, who would have been 14 at that time)
    Obtained 644 tons of dirt; which yeilded 923ounces13dwt5grains of gold worth £2860:6:1
    Sold the claim on 1st March 1878 to Harris and Hollow for £3000
1 April 1878    William and I left Bethanga for Gippsland; reached Drouin on10th, Brandy on 11th, Little Moe 12th at noon. Started for the Sarwick on 17th, pegged out 3 blocks on the 18th.
      Arrived at Little Moe second time on 25 April, got back to Bethanga 4th May.
9 Jan 1879  Left Bethanga for good. 18 Jan.         Went to Melbourne, sailed for Sydney in the Cheviot on 21 Jan. Arrived Sydney on Friday 24Jan. and put up at James Temperance Hotel in Kent st. 
10 Dec. 1879  Will Father and I went to Bethanga to examine Finlay’s land.   11Dec.---went all over the land and formed a bad opinion of some of it.    12Dec.---went to the Sale. William bought Section I containing 324 acres at £4:12:6 per acre. We bought Section B containing 412 acres , between at £4:12:6 per acre. I bought 200 acres, Will 90 and Father 128 acres.     13Dec.---I pegged out about 60 acres of river frontage, being the frontage of Section B, at 10.54am; and applied for it at Beechworth under the 19th Section of the Lands Act 1869, on Mon. 15th Dec 1879.      17Dec.---pegged out 20acres at 1.40pm, and applied for it under the 49th Section on 19Dec.         Called on Fred Brown, the lawyer, on Mon.15 Dec. and instructed him to ascertain the correctness of Title of the land that we bought.
19 Dec.  Father and Will bought 134 head of cattle at Palmerston. Will bought a filly by young barbarian for £5, 36 bullocks at £2:17:0, 78 steers at £1:19:0, and 20 cows at£1:15:0; total £294:14:0. Discount taken off for cash £7:7:0, net cost £282:9:6.   Lost two of the cattle on the road coming home.      22Dec----took the cattle to Bethanga, made the trip from paddock to paddock in 12.5 hours.
14 May 1880  at Tallangatta land board, my application for 60 acres in Parish of Berringa, which had been recomended on 2 April, was refused, and recomended to be put up at auction at an upset price of £3:0:0 per acre.  Will got his long toe in front of the pre-emptive recomended; McNick objecting to both;  I appealed.
15 June 1880, Tue.  Went to Melbourne.    16June---attended at the Boardroom at the Land’s Office; Duffy presided. When my case was called on he looked at the map for a while and then said he would postpone the matter for a report from Skeane the Surveyor General; he would not hear what I had to say; said if I was not satisfied he would decide it at once and give against me; Finlay did not appear; came home on 17th.
13 Feb. 1882.  Went to a bush fire up Spring creek, took all the week to put it out.
6 Jan. 1886  went to Bethanga , lent Will £400
24July----home again, been away about 21 weeks, cost about £23
     --Josephson’s Australian ointment for inward piles--
    ---To cure Queensland Fever, get a lot of cobwebs from a dwelling or old house (those from the bush will not do being poisonous), roll them up in the hand in a roll ball (hard) like a marble, then cut the ball in four pieces, put them in a cup of warm tea or water and drink the lot; after the emetic has worked take a dose of opening medicen.
2 August 1887    Went to Bethanga to help put in fruit trees.    9Sept------bought 40 head of store bullocks in Wodonga from Gibson at £6/10/- a head. 
12 Oct.     Mother and Min(sister Minnie) shifted to the Paddock to live( that from their long time home in Hillsborough).   
28 Nov.1890  Went to Dart River,registered 2 Claims 19Dec; came back 22Dec.
18 Jan.1891  went back to Dart.         Crushed 5.5 tons quartz for 20oz18dwt of gold (16Feb.’91)
15 June 1896   Took first samples of water from Bethanga Creek.
     Mr.c.R.Blakett. F.G.S.                       Laboratory, 360 Swanston St. Melbourne
     Report on analysis of a sample water submitted by Mr C. Ellen The results obtained were as follows--
     Reaction----alkaline.      Total solid residue , in grains per gallon at 110C     ---------165.10
     Appearence after settling------------clear          Loss on ignition water of crystallization-------27.10
     Fixed constituents------------138.00   , consisting of Silica, Alumina, Calcium Carbonate   10.5;    Calcium Sulphate  55.08,      Magnesium    15.10,     Sodium Chloride   20.76,   Sulphate of Sodium   36.56.
    This water contains too much Sulphate of Lime to be fit for either human or animal consumption.  I would advise its discontinuance.     
              C.R.Blakett. F.G.S.                   Fee £2/2/-.
1 Sept 1897  Brought Annie and the boys home. (This is the first and only time that Brad mentions his wife or family. In 1896 Brad visited the Parnaby family in Wodonga and met Hannah ElizabethParnaby, who he subsequently married and brought to his propertyon the Mitta Mitta. Their first children were twin boys, namd Matthew and Hawton) 
14 March 1907  Wilson surveyed frontage pegs.
This is the last entry in the Diary of a chronological nature.    Below are shown other entries which pertain to various costs and income which Braddon recorded, and these show that he was a very good record keeper, probably more so than his Father or brother.
The following information sets out the costs and income from working the Paddock, as Braddon  refers to it throughout theDiary. The Paddock was the land that William B., William, and Braddon bought from Finlay in Dec.1879 about a year after they had sold their gold mine in Bethanga.
Date                  Paid              Received             B Mitchell               W.B.Mitchell         W Mitchell        
23July1881      371.1.10         518.19.1              70.12.6                         45.4.0             31.15.6
19July 1882     352.19.3         793.10.0              191.5.0                        122.8.0             86.1.0
30Sept  1889    186.12.4        664.18.11             228.17.0                      146.9.10            102.19.9
  7Oct   1897    138.12.10     393.14.10             180.11. 0                         74.11. 0
Totals               3860.14.11    9061. 9. 7              3023.12. 1                      1541. 1. 6
1n 1887 I received about £70/ rent from Father and Will.
For 18 years the Paddock has paid me £171:17:0 per year; plus the rent from Father and Will.
Father has made £85:12:0 per year.
  16Aug 1901    345. 6. 5         555.19. 6               149. 1. 9                            61.11. 4
Will died in July 1889, hence the cessation of distributions in his name after Nov of that year.

Braddon also entered some costs in his diary of building a separate dwelling on their land in preparation for his marriage in 1896. It is interesting to read of the various items that he needed and I have shown these below.
Railway freight      11.4.8;    Murray pine J Bulmer  1.8.6;  Foy and Gibson-wallpaper  2.6.2 white lead        6/6        Railway freight,bedstead ,washstand , chest, bedding and linoleum  1.10.3;    freight -lime and tar   12/10;   staying town   1.9.0;  railways fares  1.12.0;   Richards and Co.-drapery  3.0.11;  Mates-lime and tar   5.17.0; Ackman-furniture  26.12.5;   Cobb and Co- ironmongery   18.18.9;  ditto  8.1.3;  advertising for bricks   3/-;  freight for ironmongery,Cobb and Co   4.2.2; Ackman-perambulator and sundries   2.9.6;  Wolf-making bricks--36.7.9; coloured glass  5/3;  iron for arches   6/6; ironmongery, sundries   11/0; Stone-pine timber  4.2.4;   Turnbull-pine timber  21.17.8;   Foy and Gibson-bedstead and other furniture   13.7.6;   Nisbet-sawn timber   15.3.0;  freight-Bulmers pine  3/2;  Stratton-chopping wood  2.5.0; White-bricklaying   5.8.0; Darmody-carpenter 3.10.0;  P.O.Callaghan  3.0.0; Armstrong-pine cupboard  17/10; sewing machine  2.0.0; stove   3.0.0;   chest o

Notes by Jenny Mitchell

Welcome MineRoyal Comission, Peter Wright's Evidence. Says 3 years earlier the Mitchells had applied and been rejected because it was a red gum reserve. Not mining before 1876
Ovens and Murray times: 13/3/77 - Principle mines are New Years Gift,, Excelsior and Mitchells and the welcome
Mitchells getting up to two ounces a ton - very high yeild
Written somewhere  Welcome 29 June 1876
    Venterden was the family home of Margaret Hawton and had been in the family for many generations. I saw it when I visited StokeClimsland village. Venterdon was also the name of the hamlet in which the house is located. These days it is part of StokeClimsland but i think in the days of margaret hawton it was probably almost like a kind of manor/farm holding.  I met the guy who owned it in about 1999,  He was very friendly  and had recently done renovations but the building itself was quite old ie. like a couple of hundred years anyway.
    While at Stoke Climsland I also saw the school which William jnr  attended. It is now run by the local historical society but wasn't open the day I was there. goddamit. I'm sure there would be stuff about Hawtons and Mitchells there. Interestingly William Burton's parents were  buried in the SC graveyard. Yet William was seemingly married at Tregorrick, which we also visited. It is close to an old tin mine which has a very big mullock heap. Seeing how young William and Margaret were when they married I wondered whether they had made themselves scarce for a while before Jane was born, with Margaret returning to her family home while William went out to Australia. Must have been quite big things to deal with.

Recollections from Muriel Clarnette (about 1975)

    William B started butchers shop in ......  near Stoke Climsland. James -> grocery
    Margaret Hawton suffered from headaches. She used to put acetic acid oh her head - her room stank of it - and on walks with MC she would stop and put her head under the tap
    Selina - when MC remembers her - had lovely wispy grey hair. she used to put a circular pad on her head; then put her own hair over it; then put a toupe over that; then pin a transformation - lots of little rolls on top. One day MC went with Selina to Albury to buy a hat. The shop lady said after several tries "They won't fit". Selina said " won't have me hair to fit me hat, I'll have my hat to fit my hair."

Recollections from Gladys Barnes

    "You may not know that Grandfather took an interest in phrenology (reading bumps on heads), and Mum had his textbook on this, whish we, when children, used to love to get and try and read each other's bumps". The book has been lost.
    "... the orange demonstrations he went to would be Orangemen from the Orange Lodge. I know mum's two brothers were Orangemen. " (these would be Parnaby boys)
Gladys had Jane Mitchell's Bible,
    "When I was in my teens and going to Bible Class, I was very proud of my Bible, and showed it to one of the chaps, saying it was over seventy years old at the time. He said, looking down his nose, and much to my chagrin, "No Bible should last more than TWO years". Meaning of course, it wasn't used." Gladys intended to pass it on. Perhaps Jodie now has it? 
    Emily Cubitt also not listed. She married a Stratton. Jack Stratton, a son married Margaret Wray of Tallangatta ......Mum came to NZ to care for Jack Stratton  (her cousin)'s family when Margaret died in childbirth (Dinah). there is an older brother and sister
    Aunt Selina I feel sure married twice. M Oats firstly, and I think she was a Whittaker when I knew her

Recollections from Norm Martin (2004)

    Wiliam Burton and son worked on a mine at Running Creek for Martin in 3/7/1874.

Note from G.F.Craig 's Book

Brad registered a claim at Hillsborough in 1873, and William  Burton was subscribing to the Ovens Hospital Appeal (Beechworth)


Particularly Fred Mitchell (Ernest Mitchell's son) and Jenny  (Fred's daughter), but also Bob Mitchell (Ernest's son), Norm Martin (Florence's daughter). and Hawton Clarnette (Brad's descendant).
Many thanks to Caroline Vulliamy of the Stoke Climsland Archives (held in the Old Svhool). She spent the best part of a day finding material for us, and trying to work out where the Mitchells lived in Venterdon from the Tithe and Census records. She also took a group (including us) on an historical ramble of Venterdon in the evening.
Doug Nichols has supplied material on the Hawtons.. Thanks in particular to his wife Jan for retyping  the Hawton documents:.
The Hawton Family Tree and History          
The Hawtons of Stoke Climsland       
This material mentions Venterdon and Whiteford. This material may have come from Tony Reese.
Public Records Office of Victoia  Index to Inward Passenger Lists Foreign Ports) 1852-1889. supplied shipping information


Hillsbourough Area Maps

Research Notes

Osmonds flat was known to Fred Mitchell as Osborns flat on way to Yackandandah.
    William Burton M and Margaret's grave Section 2A/377 Footsgray general cemetery. Brad is in the Methodist section of Sunbury Cemetery.Indexes Brad's will 164-4, 2-12-18, bur 17/3/19 probate. Hannah 195-898, 4 apr24 probate 13jun24   (Hawton Clarnette)

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