Charles Martin and Francis Prickett

Bones in the Belfry home page

Parents :     William Martin and Hanna Coalman          Robert and Jane Prickett

Charles Martin (b 1797 Twywell Northamptonshire, m Francis Prickett 1826 Islington Middlesex, d 1878 Castlemaine Vic)
Francis Prickett (b 1800 St Pancras Middlesex, d 1879 Castlemaine)
    Charles Henry Martin (b 1827 Islington , m Elizabeth Hitchcock 1853 Prahan Vic, m Hannah Anderson abt 1884 Ballarat, d 1908  Ballarat Vic)
    Hannah Martin  (b 1829 Islington, m Thomas Farr 1849 Camden Town, London,d 1890 St Kilda)
         Edwin Farr (b 1858 Ballarat, m Louisa Jane Briant 1884 Presb Manse Ballarat, d 1943 Northcote)
              Winifred Emma Farr (b 1890 Northcote, m Norman Thompson 1918 , d 1994 Preston)
    Henry Martin (b 1832 Islington , m Elanor Maw 1853 Collingwood, d 1897 Balwyn Vic)
    Louisa Martin (b 1833 Peterborough, Northhamptonshire , m James Crump 1852 St Pancras, d 1904 Fairfield Vic)

Charles Henry Martin (Hannah's Brother, above)
    An excellent book by Len Martin chronicles his life. It gives an insight into how big a change it must habe been for all the Martins. Charles H came from urban Islington, but in 1855 he was teaching at Point Napean in a school with 13 pupils, a dirt floor, and no Privies. (The inspector's reported plenty of bushes available for privacy). Charles H was obviously verry well educated, writing learned articles in the Australian Christian Pioneer which included reference to the original Greek of various bible passages. Charles H had a strong religious commitment, which was also evident in the wider family. He spent his prime working years in Ballarat. Worth a read even if you are not a Charles H descendant. Link

Charles Martin's Will

    Glenis Crocker searched the Victorian Public Records for his will.She could not find it, but found an application for Probate by his daughter Louisa Crump, as sole executrix, on 6th of July 1903.
This is nearly 26 years after his death. She explains in her submission that she only found she had a problem when she tried to sell Charles' house in Wimble St Castlemaine. Louisa had apparently just moved to 12 Tremerry St Abbotsford, after living in Wimble St till then. The will itself is not available, as Louisa successfully applied to have it removed from file

Francis Prickett's origins

Death certificate gives no maiden name, but gives her age as 78 on 13 June 1879
Marriage certificate gives maiden name as Prickett (1826 Islington Middlesex)
LDS only has one christening of Frances Prickett, daughter of Robert Thomas Prickett and Jane Maria (Saint Botolph Without Aldersgate 26 Apr 1800) - confirmed by an extract of the entry
LDS only has one marriage of Robert Prickett, to Ann Salte (Tottenham, 4 Jul 1798)
LDS has no death/burial entries for Jane/Ann Prickett, but LDS is not good at deaths
Robert Thomas Prickett in his will (1805/6) nominates  his wife Sarah and daughter Frances as his only beneficiaries

1851 Census (31 Mar)

St Pancras     (38 Goldington North St)                                                     Age        Occupation               Where Born
                        Charles MARTIN         Head                                              52        Master Butcher         Twibil, NTH
                        Frances MARTIN                                                               50                                         St Pancras, MDX
                        Henry MARTIN                                                                  19                                          Islington, MDX
                        Louisa MARTIN                                                                  17                                         Peterborough, Northhamptonshire
                        Thomas FARR             Head                                                27        Carpenter                  Southgate, MDX
                        Hannah FARR                                                                      21                                          Islington, MDX
                        Alice L FARR                                                                         3 months                              St Pancras, MDX
(all living in number 38)
Twibill is probably Twywel, NTH

General Notes

    Frances' father was an upholsterer who lived at St Martin's Le Grande in the city of London (information provided by Frances on a census form conducted on 5th November, 1831). However, he may also have been a steam boat owner on the Thames, as this is the information provided by James Crump on the death certificate of Frances when she died at Castlemaine in 1879. It is possible that James was wrong in the information that he provided - but it is also possible that both are correct and that he changed occupations. The Prickett family appears to have been fairly well off.
    Charles father was a farmer.
    Louisa was christened in St Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey. Subsequent Martin children were christened in St Giles Cripplegate, and in the 1841 census both Crumps and Martins were living around that area. (In fact, on census night, some of the Martin children were down the road staying with the Crumps).
    Families of James Crump, Charles Martin (Snr), and Thomas Farr sailed from London in August 1854 on the Aberfoyle, and arrived in Port Phillip in December 1854. The shipping list gives passengers as
          Charles Martin    aged 54, Joiner
Frances Martin            53  (his wife)
Thomas Farr               29   Carpenter
Hannah Farr                24
James Crump              24   Carpenter
Louisa Crump             21
Alice Farr                     3
Sarah A Farr                2
James H Crump            1  
Charles Farr                 2 mo.
We do know that the Crumps went to the goldfield at Castlemaine, and the Farrs and the Martins went to Ballarat. We believe there are still Crumps living in the area. 
The 1854 party were preceeded to Melbourne by Chales Henry Martin (the eldest son- see above) in late 1852. Presumably the main party came out on his recommendation.

The following material is from posters prepared by Glenis Crocker for a Martin and Farr reunion she organised in Ballarat


Transcript of the Will of Robert Thomas Prickett, dated August 1805.                              See Robert Prickett's page
Transcription of the Will of Charles Richard Prickett dated 16th January 1808,                 See Charles Prickett's page


The surname Martin, although very common, is thought to have its origins from a small group of immigrants to England.  They were predominantly merchants, dealing with every stage of cloth and leather production from farm to export.


The branch of Martins from which we appear to be descended lived in a group of villages based around Teeton and Spratton in Northamptonshire. (See map)  In the 1700s Martins were fairly mobile between villages, with families appearing in a parish register and then no further entries, with the same family then appearing elsewhere.  The surnames Dickins and Coleman (Coalman) sometimes appeared in association with the surname Martin, and in some cases they appeared and disappeared from Parish registers at similar times.
The particular branch from which we come, according to evidence collected so far, was centred in Teeton.  (See information provided by Helen Millward)
This branch can be traced back to the 1600's, and earlier with the assistance of a knowledge of Latin.
However, the direct link of these Martins with our Charles Martin has been made by a process of elimination, which as yet is not complete, and possibly will never be complete.


Charles Martin's death certificate lists his place of birth as being Northamptonshire, while the 1851 Census gives the village in which he was born as Twibil, Northamptonshire.  Lists giving all the Northamptonshire villages and parishes of that time have no village of this name, the closest sounding name being Twywell.  Census details were written down by the census collector going from house to house, and so the village was probably written as he heard it, rather than as it was spelt.  His spelling of Farr as Fair lends support to this theory.  (The conclusion that the village was Twywell was reached independently by two different family researchers)
Twywell records show only one family of Martin living there in the relevant period.  William Martin from Teeton married Hannah Coalman at Twywell in 1787.  They had six children born in Twywell, the last of whom, Charles, was christened on 27th December1797.  There are no further Martins in parish records in Twywell.


This baptism makes Charles 1 year older than evidence from the 1851 Census in London, from the shipping records, and from his death certificate.
His mother on his death certificate was listed as Hannah Pricket, which was then corrected to Hannah Dickins.


* There was only one family of Martins in Twywell at the relevant time.
* The mother's Christian name was Hannah and she had a son Charles at about the right time.
* Although Dickins was recorded as Charles' mother's maiden name, it was only after a correction had already been made, indicating uncertainty.
* James Crump, who filled in the forms, was about ten years out in the ages of children listed (including his wife), suggesting some element of unreliability.  Around this time he was retired on the grounds of ill heath from his job as station master of Castlemaine.
* Dickins/Dickens of Ravensthorpe were close family friends of the previous generation of Martins (see Wills), but a search of Ravensthorpe and adjacent parish and chapel records has not yielded a Hannah Dickins/ Dickens who lived to adulthood, born between 1750 - 1785, and therefore of an age to be the mother of Charles.  James Crump may have mistaken a known family friend name for Charles' mother's maiden name, or if Hannah outlived William Martin, she may have remarried a Dickins/ens.


* A death certificate for one of his brothers or an unmarried sister giving parent details.
* Elimination over time of other explanations by searching as widely as possible through adjacent Parish records
* Finding original documents, eg the marriage certificate of Charles & Frances which may give parent details, or an old Family Bible.  Church parish registers do not give this detail.


    This yard is still known as Martin's Yard, even though no Martins have lived in the village within memory.  The original farmhouse no longer exists. Note: The slaughterhouse at Castlemaine, Victoria, was listed in the rate collector's book of 1858 as Martin's Yards
    On an account sent by Thomas Farr to Charles Martin, for carpentry work done at his residence and at the Dana Tt. School, note the address is 29 Eyre st, which appears to have been the address of Thomasí business, in 1871.


    The Martins, Farrs and Crumps are known to have lived at a variety of locations in and around Islington.  Census records, and the birth records for the first three children of Hannah and Thomas Farr (Alice Farr, Sarah Farr, and Charles Farr,) and for James Harry Crump, the first son of Louisa and James Crump show that the family was based in the area around Islington from the time of Charles Martinís marriage to Frances Prickett..


  Charles Martin is listed a being born in Twibil or Twivil, Northamptonshire.  A list of old villages and their Parishes gives Twywell as the only likely village.  Remember that the scribe for the census had to write down unfamiliar names in many dialects.  He didnít go too well on Thomas Farr and family either, who were living in the same house. (Wrote it down as Fair, which may give some idea of the broad accent.)


    The non-conformist chapels were very prolific in the Islington area.  Some of these, such as Park Chapel, were privately owned.  Park Chapel, which at one stage was attended by the Martins, was owned by Baptist Noel, who was the sixteenth child and eleventh son of Sir Gerard Noel-Noel.  He had begun training to Ďread for the barí, but changed his mind and became a minister in the Church of England.  He was very involved with social issues of the time and in 1848 broke away from the Church of England  to become a Baptist preacher.  He was baptised by immersion in the John St Baptist Chapel, and was its minister there until his resignation in 1868. 


NB. Numbers in Upper St are duplicated and have probably changed since the 1820ís, so 134 Upper Street, the place of birth of Hannah Martin, could not be positively identified. 


    Charles Martin and Henry Martin sailed to Victoria in 1852.  A letter of Commendation written in England and held by Charles as an introduction in Victoria was dated late July 1852.  A search of shipping records has not found conclusive evidence of  their ship, the search being made more difficult by the common names of henry and Charles Martin.  It is uncertain whether they sailed together or independently.
    A search of the Shipping Index of unassisted passengers has yielded the following:
Chas J. Martin  on the ship Ballengiech, (also spelt Ballangeich) arrived  Dec 1852.  (Checks of shipping showed it arrived 7th Dec 1852 after sailing from Southampton 21st August 1852)
Henry Martin on the ship Ballengiech, arrived Dec 1852.
Henry Martin on this ship, and another Henry Martin on the Athenian, Feb 1852, were marked on the index "* see passenger problems folder".  This has not yet been followed up.
    A search of the passenger lists for the Ballengeich showed Henry Martin was aged 20 and was English, but a listing for Charles was not found.  A more careful search is needed. The age of Henry Martin matches.
    Another ship, the Isabella, sailed from London on the 31st July 1852, with only 36 passengers.  This is a date which matches precisely with other family information.  However, no Charles or Henry were on board.  Instead, Edward, Eliza and Mary Martin, English, aged 21, 23 and 21 years respectively were on board.  (Note:  Nearly every ship seemed to have Martins on board, so this is probably of no significance.)
    The migration of the rest of the family was located far more easily, as they all came out together on the ship "Aberfoyle" in 1854.  The grouping together and the larger number of names verified that the listing was ours.
    The LaTrobe library in Melbourne in its Picture collection has a photograph and a print of a sailing ship called the Aberfoyle.  Unfortunately it is not "our" ship, as it was commissioned in the 1880's.  Because of name changes to ships, it is necessary to check with the Loyd's of London shipping registers to trace name changes, to locate any paintings or photographs of the Aberfoyle of 1854.  This can be done in the geneology section of the La Trobe Library.  The LaTrobe Library Picture Collection has an extensive range of sailing ships which plied between England and Australia.  These can be accessed through Internet, so it is still possible we may be able to come up with a picture of the Aberfoyle, although possibly called by another name.  


    Frances Prickett was the only known child of Robert Thomas Prickett, Upholsterer.  She was baptised in 1800 and her mother's name was recorded as Jane Maria, surname not given.
Robert's Will, written in 1805 and proved in 1806, records his wife's name as Sarah, but he specifically mentions his daughter Frances by (name indecipherable).  Robert, his brother Richard, his father and another brother Charles all died within a few years of each other, leaving only their wives and mother plus children.  (Hope it wasn't the cooking)
Robert died in 1806, Charles died two years later, his Will recording that Richard had legitimate children and illegitimate children by Prudence, known as Prudence Prickett.  Charles only had one surviving child, a daughter called Eliza.
    Family Wills have not yet been explored fully, but it appears that the Pricketts as a family were financially comfortably off.  It seems likely that Sarah remarried another member of the Prickett family, possibly Paul, as their first child was called Robert.  Two Sarah Pricketts married other Pricketts, but as Parish records have not yet been checked, it isn't known whether one was a widow.
Some Prickett Wills were very complex, leaving income in perpetuity to descendants.  Pricketts marrying Pricketts may have been a method of consolidating family finances, as it seems to have occurred a number of times. 
    Another Prickett Will, that of John Prickett, surveyor, relationship to us, if any, is unknown, is very interesting because it mentions a Frances Prickett, and gives detailed family relationships.  Income from many properties, farms and investments is left to a variety of children, sisters and grandchildren, including a Frances Prickett, in perpetuity for their LEGALLY begotten descendants only. (Perhaps a reaction to Richard's excesses).  It is 17 pages long, specifically excludes Sons-in-law from using their wife's income to discharge their debts, and mentions many people and places, two of which overlap with the Will of Charles Prickett, (Frances' uncle,) suggesting some links with our family.  The writing looks beautiful but is atrocious to decipher.  The reading of the Will would have taken ages.  Sons-in-law would have been a bit upset to sit for hours through its reading only to find they weren't to touch their wife's money. 
    If ever deciphering this Will is finished, and any links are discovered, the income from any inheritance only has to be divided about 900 ways, on last count of the family tree.
    Our Pricketts lived in London, but other Pricketts lived in Yorkshire.  Wills read to date show that members of the same family were based in Yorkshire while others were in London.  Prickett, I believe, is a name associated withYorkshire Milling .
    Those Pricketts living in and around London in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries appear to have had few associations with the Non-conformists, but were Church of England.  However, WW2 bombings took their toll of Parish registers, here and in other parts of England.  Some Parish registers in central London were not released to the Church of Latter Day Saints for copying, and so are not included in the IGI index.  The Wills, however, give us several Parishes to begin the search for further links. 


    harles Martin, Master Butcher, lived in or near Castlemaine at the time of Cuthbert Clarke.  The Castlemaine Rate Records are incomplete in the 1850's and so we have been unable to identify Charles' precise whereabouts in the late 1850's.  However, in one rate collectors book in the PRO Laverton for the year 1858, he is recorded as the ratepayer on slaughtering yards, located at D4, allotments 11,12,13 and 22,23,24, valued at 150 pounds (250?). The survey maps show the location.  He only appears to have been there for one or two years, as the next year the rate collector had crossed out Martin's Yards and written in pencil above it the names of the owners as the Rate payers.  Although he and his wife lived in Castlemaine until their deaths, he does not appear to be listed among the many small butchers in the Rate books for Castlemaine , which makes me suspect that if he worked, he continued to run a slaughterhouse.
    In London, circumstantial evidence suggests that he did not work as a retail butcher, but rather in the slaughtering side.  We have no knowledge of his whereabouts prior to the slaughterhouse, or whether he actually worked the slaughterhouse from the time of his arrival in Australia in 1854. Five of the six allotments of the land were allocated to J.Carmichael & R. Russell in 1857, the other in 1855 to S. Ankrett.  J. Bisset is adjacent to these.
    I suspect that he established the slaughterhouse when the land was still Crown land, and was then forced off with the allocation of the land to others.  The other alternative is that he was given the task of establishing the slaughterhouse by Carmichael and Russell in 1857, as there were also butchers by the name of Russell.  Once set up, they then took over the task of running it. If this was the case, then possibly he would have been operating similarly in the region prior to this.
    Local newspaper reports referred to slaughtering occurring in the streets of the early goldfields, and blood running down the gutters.  The flies were a great problem, and there was much concern.  The location of Charles Martin's slaughterhouse today is on the outskirts of Castlemaine, with the Council Tip being located behind.  There have been some houses built on the area, facing the Maldon Rd, but these are relatively recent.  The area is basically "goldfields bush". Ie, thin eucalypts, sparse groundcover, shale rock.

Facts Extracted from Glenis Crocker's Database Notes (Possibly from Helen Millward)

Frances Prickett
Funeral notice monday June 16 in The Mount Alexander Mail
The Friends ofn the late Mrsa. FRANCES Martin are respectfully invited to follow her remains to the Castlemaine Cemetery.  The Funeral will leave the residence of Mr Crump, Wimble-street, This Day at 2 o'clock.
GROSE & Odgers Undertakers

Charles Martin
Born in Twywell in 1797, the family left there when Charles was three.
If chas Martin, apprenticed to Peter Howard in Newington is ours, he was almost adopted as the indentures were to run till he was 21 years old. £10 fee. listed in apprentiship records in PRO Kew.
There is no further information until he marries Frances Prickett in Islington, but he must have been apprenticed and by the birth of his children he is a master butcher, resident first at 6 Brunswick Parade, White Conduit Fields, Islington, when Charles Henry was born, and then on Upper Street  Islington when Hannah arrived. The residence of the family when the other two children were born has still to be checked. In 1841 they may be living at Long Lane, Bermondsey, but the census records are badly damaged. Bermandsey Parish Records show the baptism of Charles, Henry & Louisa July 6th 1834, Parents being Charles and Frances, Charles being a butcher living in Long Lane. According to the 1851 census Louisa was born at Peterborough.
At the time of the 1851 census Charles and his three younger children are living at Goldington Street, Somer Town, just west of the Midland main line. Hannah has married and her husband and daughter form part of the household.  The business in 1846 was in King Street Somer Town, which address has vanished without trace, possibly under railway sidings. Charles Henry is living at 33 Lucas St, Commercial Rd, from which address he applied for teacher training. In 1852 the two boys emigrate. Henry`s bed in the family home is taken by Louisa`s future husband. The rest of the family all followed the boys in1854 on the Aberfoyle to Melbourne, disembarking at Geelong.  They all went as unassisted migrants
By 1859 Charles is running an abbattoir in tents on land probably leased for the purpose at Castlemaine.  The land for which they paid rates covered 6 allotements.  By 1862 the Yards were split up and various people paid the rates.  The Largest payer being Russell. At the time of his death Charles owned a house plot next door to the Crumps in Wimble Street Castlemaine.
Frances Martin is recorded as running a shop on the birth certificate of a later grandchild.

James Crump paid £4 / 2 / 6 for the funeral with coffin & mourning coach. Charles was buried in a public grave on Tuesday 17th September.  The plot was purchased by James Crump at the time of Frances death.

Funeral Notice, Tuesday September 17 in the Mount Alexander Mail
The Friends of the late Mr CHARLES MARTIN are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the Castlemaine Cemetery.  The funeral will leave the residence of his son-in-law, Mr Crump, Wimble-street, This Day, at half-past Two o'clock.
Grose & Odgers, Undertakers

White Conduit House had been a tea-house in 1811 for many years, with views over the fields towards Hampstead, and Highgate.  It's name derived from an old stone conduit, erected 1641, built over a head of water that supplied the Charter House by a leaden pipe. White Conduit House had neat gardens surrounding a round pond and arbours for sitting in, bowling green,,dutch-pin grounds.  About 1790 the field was used for cricket by the local gentlemen. The house was spacious, contained a well toned organ, and also had an ale and table brewery attached.
John Nelson, the History of Islington.1811

The Cattle Markets

John Perkins obtained in 1836 permission by Act of Parliament to establishthe Islington Cattle Market, of Essex Road. This was opposed by the Smithfield butchers, the City and others.  Perkins hoped to collect the cattle heading east, and provided pens for 40,000 sheep, 7,000 cattle and 1,000 pigs. The site was entered through an imposing entrance arch through a fourstorey entrance. The slaughtering operation did not succeed, but the pens were used for overnight/ or longer containment of livestock enroute to Smithfield.  Perkins lost £100,000.  Smithfield was still overloaded for operations and in 1855 the Metropolitan Cattle Market, between York Way and the Caledonian Road was opened.
John Richardson, Islington Past.1988


Most of the material on the Martins comes from Glenis Crocker, with help from Robyn Lawther and Helen Millward. Glenis's material prepared for the Martin reunion she organised has been quoted directly here. They have traced the family back to the 16th century, by a lot of detective work on old wills.
Also Len Martin produced an excellent  book on Charles Henry Martin, Hannah Martin's brother

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